1) The common Hebrew word for wine is yayin , from a root meaning "to boil up," "to be in a ferment."
2) Alcoholism is alcohol addiction. Drunkenness just means that you're drunk.
3) I'd call it fairly large. It seems acceptable now to crawl into a bottle when things get tough, and generally it's just "humorous" when someone gets sloppy drunk. A lot of people do it intentionally.
4) Surprisingly enough, most of the stuff I read indicated that the alcoholic content of wine and beer in the bible was likely the same as it now. With the caveat that wine was often diluted when drank, and distilled beverages did not exist.
5) Relaxation, kills gut bacteria, and in small amounts is generally healthful.
6) Stupidity, all manner of illness related to filter organs, and a strong tendency for addiction, and you're a completely different person when drunk.
7) Not that I can think of.
1) It makes you stupid and tends to cloud your thinking. It also removes your neural inhibitors.
a) To cheer the heart, but it only lasts as long as you keep drinking.
b) To forget our problems; no, because sometimes forgetting something is the wrong thing to do. And hiding from your problems rarely solves them.
c) To ease the pain in our lives; we need to take our fear, our pain, and our problems to God, and give them to Him. He's the only one big enough to handle them, and we can gain real peace through Him alone.
d) The pressure to give in to the way the world does things, which always needs to be resisted.
3) I 'spose it sneaks up on; everything seems fine until the snake lashes out from the shadows.
a) Drunkenness and gluttony lead to being poor and clothed with rags.
b) It leads to sleeping through life, it bites like a snake or viper, it leads to red eyes, conflicts, sorrow, needless injury and numbness.
c) It can lead to forgetfulness and a perversion of justice.
5) No; He's trying to keep us from harm.
6) That it's a sin akin to the worst foulness.
7) The passage in particular says we shouldn't give in to evil simply because everyone else does, but keep ourselves clean from all evil. However, Jesus did make wine for a large festive gathering, so I have to believe that drunkenness is the sin, not alcohol, whether other people are around or not.
As men who made very foolish decisions, or did nasty things under the influence.
9) Likely...because they do? At least wine; the hard stuff? You'd have a tougher time with that.
But yes, these passages are necessarily talking about the intoxicating kind of wine. Otherwise, there would be no need to warn about being "addicted to much wine" in Titus, nor would simple grape juice help Timothy's stomach issues.
1) No one is trying to justify getting drunk or alcoholism, or at least Christians shouldn't. If they are, that's another story. Justifying drinking is just another matter of freedom, and one actually attested to by the bible without twisting stuff around.
2) Depends on the person, I think. I don't and don't think I will because I have an addictive personality with escapist leanings. Certainly, alcohol is dangerous and could just as easily be called stupid juice. To put it in a way I can understand, I'm not going to give up cheeseburgers because there's the possibility of glutting myself on them.
3) The Holy Spirits; by prayer, as well as "speaking to one another in psalms, hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making music to the Lord in your heart".
4) Depends on a lot of stuff. If you're pressured though, I'd say resist simply because peer-pressure is usually a bad thing, and often one small step leads to falling off a cliff.
5) Yes? No? Maybe? Thing is, I was raised in a Baptist home with no alcohol. I don't drink because if I started, I don't think I'd stop. I'm also afraid of what I would do if I lost control (which is another danger, as a lot of abuse stems from alcohol). At the same time, I don't think Wine or beer are necessarily evil (I'm torn on hard drink, since...the only purpose for that is to get you rapidly drunk in a short amount of time), and I certainly won't balk at a brother or sister drinking around me (unless they get drunk, which admittedly, I would be uncomfortable with).
So...yeah. Confusion. There's the possibility for great evil, but also not; just like eating at a buffet leads to the possibility of gluttony (which is warned of, just like drinking), but also possibly not. Small amounts of alcohol in your system (Beer, sans alcohol, is actually really healthy for you, but that's not important in this context) are good for your system, and clean your gut of nasties, heal your heart, aid your liver. ETC.
On the other hand, alcohol abuse is so prevalent in America today that perhaps swearing the stuff off srsly is a good idea, regardless of the freedom involved. The younger crowd views getting sloshed as a rite of passage and/or a weekend party time.